Trying to understand what ‘Contention’ is?
In laymen’s terms, contention is the number of customers per Mb of speed on a network. So when one says a 10 Mbps link on a contention ratio of (10:1), traditionally we are saying tha, with most fixed-line connections, a 10 Mbps connection is shared between 10 clients. Needless to say, if you are the only one using the link at that time, then you will get your full 10 Mbps links usage. However if 4 others use it at exactly the same time, that means a total of 5 users using the same 10 Mbps link will be split between the amount the link provides. So worst case you will get less than 10Mbps, best case you will get 10 Mbps. Hence the expression: “Up to 10 Mbps”.
An even better link would be the 4:1 contention ratio that we use for all of our business customers who require better speeds and latency.